Selected ATcT [1, 2] enthalpy of formation based on version 1.122g of the Thermochemical Network [3]

This version of ATcT results was generated from an expansion of version 1.122e [4] to include results centered on the determination of the appearance energy of CH3+ from CH4. [5].

Species Name Formula Image    ΔfH°(0 K)    ΔfH°(298.15 K) Uncertainty Units Relative
Molecular
Mass
ATcT ID
Carbon dioxideCO2 (g)C(=O)=O-393.108-393.474± 0.015kJ/mol44.00950 ±
0.00100
124-38-9*0

Representative Geometry of CO2 (g)

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Top contributors to the provenance of ΔfH° of CO2 (g)

The 9 contributors listed below account for 94.0% of the provenance of ΔfH° of CO2 (g).

Please note: The list is limited to 20 most important contributors or, if less, a number sufficient to account for 90% of the provenance. The Reference acts as a further link to the relevant references and notes for the measurement. The Measured Quantity is normaly given in the original units; in cases where we have reinterpreted the original measurement, the listed value may differ from that given by the authors. The quoted uncertainty is the a priori uncertainty used as input when constructing the initial Thermochemical Network, and corresponds either to the value proposed by the original authors or to our estimate; if an additional multiplier is given in parentheses immediately after the prior uncertainty, it corresponds to the factor by which the prior uncertainty needed to be multiplied during the ATcT analysis in order to make that particular measurement consistent with the prevailing knowledge contained in the Thermochemical Network.

Contribution
(%)
TN
ID
Reaction Measured Quantity Reference
35.41764.7 C (graphite) O2 (g) → CO2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -393.464 ± 0.024 kJ/molHawtin 1966, note CO2e
14.11764.5 C (graphite) O2 (g) → CO2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -393.468 ± 0.038 kJ/molFraser 1952, note CO2f
14.11764.4 C (graphite) O2 (g) → CO2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -393.462 ± 0.038 kJ/molLewis 1965, note CO2d
9.61764.9 C (graphite) O2 (g) → CO2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -94.051 ± 0.011 kcal/molProsen 1944a, Cox 1970, NBS TN270, NBS Tables 1989
6.51764.6 C (graphite) O2 (g) → CO2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -393.462 ± 0.056 kJ/molHawtin 1966, note CO2e
5.31764.2 C (graphite) O2 (g) → CO2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -393.498 ± 0.062 kJ/molDewey 1938, note CO2, Rossini 1938, note CO2c
4.91764.3 C (graphite) O2 (g) → CO2 (g) ΔrH°(303.15 K) = -393.447 ± 0.064 kJ/molJessup 1938, note CO2a, Rossini 1938, note CO2c
2.71764.1 C (graphite) O2 (g) → CO2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -393.560 ± 0.055 (×1.576) kJ/molProsen 1944, note CO2b
1.21764.8 C (graphite) O2 (g) → CO2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -393.51 ± 0.13 kJ/molCODATA Key Vals, Gurvich TPIS

Top 10 species with enthalpies of formation correlated to the ΔfH° of CO2 (g)

Please note: The correlation coefficients are obtained by renormalizing the off-diagonal elements of the covariance matrix by the corresponding variances.
The correlation coefficient is a number from -1 to 1, with 1 representing perfectly correlated species, -1 representing perfectly anti-correlated species, and 0 representing perfectly uncorrelated species.


Correlation
Coefficent
(%)
Species Name Formula Image    ΔfH°(0 K)    ΔfH°(298.15 K) Uncertainty Units Relative
Molecular
Mass
ATcT ID
86.0 Carbon dioxide cation[CO2]+ (g)[C+](=O)=O936.092936.927± 0.017kJ/mol44.00895 ±
0.00100
12181-61-2*0
42.7 Succinic acid(CH2COOH)2 (cr,l)OC(=O)CCC(=O)O-918.55-940.28± 0.13kJ/mol118.0880 ±
0.0034
110-15-6*500
35.5 BenzeneC6H6 (cr,l)c1ccccc150.7149.16± 0.23kJ/mol78.1118 ±
0.0048
71-43-2*500
35.5 BenzeneC6H6 (g)c1ccccc1100.6283.10± 0.23kJ/mol78.1118 ±
0.0048
71-43-2*0
35.5 Benzene cation[C6H6]+ (g)c1ccc(cc1)[H+]992.50976.03± 0.23kJ/mol78.1113 ±
0.0048
34504-50-2*0
35.4 Carbon monoxideCO (g, triplet)[C-]#[O+]465.579469.286± 0.026kJ/mol28.01010 ±
0.00085
630-08-0*1
35.4 Carbon monoxideCO (g, singlet)[C-]#[O+]-113.803-110.523± 0.026kJ/mol28.01010 ±
0.00085
630-08-0*2
35.4 Carbon monoxideCO (g)[C-]#[O+]-113.803-110.523± 0.026kJ/mol28.01010 ±
0.00085
630-08-0*0
35.1 Carbon monoxide cation[CO]+ (g)[C]#[O+]1238.3061241.586± 0.026kJ/mol28.00955 ±
0.00085
12144-04-6*0
28.0 TolueneC6H5CH3 (l)c1ccc(cc1)C19.7211.97± 0.34kJ/mol92.1384 ±
0.0056
108-88-3*500

Most Influential reactions involving CO2 (g)

Please note: The list, which is based on a hat (projection) matrix analysis, is limited to no more than 20 largest influences.

Influence
Coefficient
TN
ID
Reaction Measured Quantity Reference
1.0005265.1 C2HF3 (g) + 3 O2 (g) + 2 H2O (cr,l) → 4 CO2 (g) + 6 HF (aq, 22 H2O) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -466.80 ± 4.00 kcal/molKolesov 1962, as quoted by Pedley 1986
1.0004257.1 CH2CHCl (cr,l) + 5/2 O2 (g) → 2 CO2 (g) H2O (cr,l) HCl (aq, 600 H2O) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -1241.1 ± 1.9 kJ/molJoshi 1964, Sinke 1958, Manion 2002
1.0004260.1 CH2CHCl (s, poly) + 5/2 O2 (g) → 2 CO2 (g) H2O (cr,l) HCl (aq, 600 H2O) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -273.72 ± 0.3 kcal/molSinke 1958, Manion 2002, note unc3
1.0004876.1 ICH2CH2OH (l) + 11/2 O2 (g) → 4 CO2 (g) + 5 H2O (cr,l) I2 (cr,l) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -2588.56 ± 4.8 kJ/molBernardes 2007
1.0005260.1 (CH3)2CHCH2C(CH3)3 (cr,l) + 25/2 O2 (g) → 8 CO2 (g) + 9 H2O (cr,l) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -1305.30 ± 0.35 kcal/molProsen 1945b, as quoted by Pedley 1986
0.9982471.1 CH2O (cr, polyoxymethylene) O2 (g) → CO2 (g) H2O (cr,l) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -121.518 ± 0.048 kcal/molParks 1963, note std dev, mw conversion
0.9974325.1 CI4 (cr, monoclinic) O2 (g) → CO2 (g) + 2 I2 (cr,l) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -786.4 ± 8.0 kJ/molCarson 1993
0.9943913.1 (COOH)2 (cr) + 1/2 O2 (g) → 2 CO2 (g) H2O (cr,l) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -60.59 ± 0.11 kcal/molVerkade 1926, as quoted by Cox 1970
0.9833895.2 CH3CH2C(O)OH (cr,l) + 7/2 O2 (g) → 3 CO2 (g) + 3 H2O (cr,l) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -365.266 ± 0.037 kcal/molLebedeva 1964
0.9825299.1 CH2ICH2I (cr,l) + 3 O2 (g) → 2 CO2 (g) + 2 H2O (cr,l) I2 (cr,l) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -1368.0 ± 0.6 kJ/molCarson 1994, as quoted by NIST WebBook
0.9764050.1 NH2CN (cr) + 3/2 O2 (g) → CO2 (g) H2O (cr,l) N2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -176.42 ± 0.13 kcal/molSalley 1948, as quoted by Cox 1970
0.9693051.1 CH3CH(CH2CH2) (l) + 6 O2 (g) → 4 CO2 (g) + 4 H2O (l) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -649.87 ± 0.14 kcal/molGood 1971
0.9575285.1 (CH2COOH)2(NH3)2 (cr) + 5 O2 (g) → 4 CO2 (g) + 6 H2O (cr,l) N2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -503.411 ± 0.110 kcal/molVanderzee 1972c
0.8915284.1 (CH2COOH)2(NH3) (cr) + 17/2 O2 (g) → 8 CO2 (g) + 9 H2O (cr,l) N2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -856.796 ± 0.357 kcal/molVanderzee 1972c
0.8673153.1 CH2CHCH2CH2CHCH2 (cr,l) + 17/2 O2 (g) → 5 H2O (cr,l) + 6 CO2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -918.81 ± 0.07 kcal/molCoops 1946, Cox 1970
0.8402152.1 CH3NH2 (l) + 9/2 O2 (g) → 2 CO2 (g) + 5 H2O (cr,l) N2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -507.08 ± 0.18 kcal/molJaffe 1970, Cox 1970, as quoted by Cox 1970
0.8085089.2 C6H5OCH3 (l) + 17/2 O2 (g) → 7 CO2 (g) + 4 H2O (cr,l) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -902.9 ± 0.2 kcal/molLebedeva 1972, as quoted by Pedley 1986
0.8053917.1 (CH3)2NH (l) + 15/2 O2 (g) → 4 CO2 (g) + 7 H2O (cr,l) N2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -833.42 ± 0.20 kcal/molJaffe 1970, Cox 1970, as quoted by Cox 1970
0.8004875.1 BrCH2CH2OH (l) + 5/2 O2 (g) → 2 CO2 (g) + 2 H2O (cr,l) HBr (aq, 600 H2O) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -1203.84 ± 0.5 kJ/molBernardes 2007
0.7943791.1 CH3C(O)OCH3 (l) + 7/2 O2 (g) → 3 CO2 (g) + 3 H2O (cr,l) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -380.53 ± 0.16 kcal/molHall 1971


References (for your convenience, also available in RIS and BibTex format)
1   B. Ruscic, R. E. Pinzon, M. L. Morton, G. von Laszewski, S. Bittner, S. G. Nijsure, K. A. Amin, M. Minkoff, and A. F. Wagner,
Introduction to Active Thermochemical Tables: Several "Key" Enthalpies of Formation Revisited.
J. Phys. Chem. A 108, 9979-9997 (2004) [DOI: 10.1021/jp047912y]
2   B. Ruscic, R. E. Pinzon, G. von Laszewski, D. Kodeboyina, A. Burcat, D. Leahy, D. Montoya, and A. F. Wagner,
Active Thermochemical Tables: Thermochemistry for the 21st Century.
J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 16, 561-570 (2005) [DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/16/1/078]
3   B. Ruscic and D. H. Bross,
Active Thermochemical Tables (ATcT) values based on ver. 1.122g of the Thermochemical Network (2019); available at ATcT.anl.gov
4   J. P. Porterfield, D. H. Bross, B. Ruscic, J. H. Thorpe, T. L. Nguyen, J. H. Baraban, J. F. Stanton, J. W. Daily, and G. B. Ellison,
Thermal Decomposition of Potential Ester Biofuels, Part I: Methyl Acetate and Methyl Butanoate.
J. Chem. Phys. A 121, 4658-4677 (2017) [DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.7b02639] (Veronica Vaida Festschrift)
5   Y.-C. Chang, B. Xiong, D. H. Bross, B. Ruscic, and C. Y. Ng,
A Vacuum Ultraviolet laser Pulsed Field Ionization-Photoion Study of Methane (CH4): Determination of the Appearance Energy of Methylium From Methane with Unprecedented Precision and the Resulting Impact on the Bond Dissociation Energies of CH4 and CH4+.
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 19, 9592-9605 (2017) [DOI: 10.1039/c6cp08200a] (part of 2017 PCCP Hot Articles collection)
6   B. Ruscic,
Uncertainty Quantification in Thermochemistry, Benchmarking Electronic Structure Computations, and Active Thermochemical Tables.
Int. J. Quantum Chem. 114, 1097-1101 (2014) [DOI: 10.1002/qua.24605]

Formula
The aggregate state is given in parentheses following the formula, such as: g - gas-phase, cr - crystal, l - liquid, etc.

Uncertainties
The listed uncertainties correspond to estimated 95% confidence limits, as customary in thermochemistry (see, for example, Ruscic [6]).
Note that an uncertainty of ± 0.000 kJ/mol indicates that the estimated uncertainty is < ± 0.0005 kJ/mol.

Website Functionality Credits
The reorganization of the website was developed and implemented by David H. Bross (ANL).
The find function is based on the complete Species Dictionary entries for the appropriate version of the ATcT TN.
The molecule images are rendered by Indigo-depict.
The XYZ renderings are based on Jmol: an open-source Java viewer for chemical structures in 3D. http://www.jmol.org/.

Acknowledgement
This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.