Selected ATcT [1, 2] enthalpy of formation based on version 1.122h of the Thermochemical Network [3]

This version of ATcT results was generated from an expansion of version 1.122e [4] to include results centered on the determination of the appearance energy of CH3+ from CH4. [5].

Species Name Formula Image    ΔfH°(0 K)    ΔfH°(298.15 K) Uncertainty Units Relative
Hydrogen chlorideHCl (aq, 74 H2O)Cl-165.546± 0.027kJ/mol36.46064 ±

Top contributors to the provenance of ΔfH° of HCl (aq, 74 H2O)

The 12 contributors listed below account for 90.0% of the provenance of ΔfH° of HCl (aq, 74 H2O).

Please note: The list is limited to 20 most important contributors or, if less, a number sufficient to account for 90% of the provenance. The Reference acts as a further link to the relevant references and notes for the measurement. The Measured Quantity is normaly given in the original units; in cases where we have reinterpreted the original measurement, the listed value may differ from that given by the authors. The quoted uncertainty is the a priori uncertainty used as input when constructing the initial Thermochemical Network, and corresponds either to the value proposed by the original authors or to our estimate; if an additional multiplier is given in parentheses immediately after the prior uncertainty, it corresponds to the factor by which the prior uncertainty needed to be multiplied during the ATcT analysis in order to make that particular measurement consistent with the prevailing knowledge contained in the Thermochemical Network.

Reaction Measured Quantity Reference
17.5687.1 HCl (g) → HCl (aq) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -17.884 ± 0.010 kcal/molGunn 1963, Gunn 1964, as quoted by CODATA Key Vals, Vanderzee 1963
12.2687.4 HCl (g) → HCl (aq) ΔrG°(298.15 K) = -36.009 ± 0.050 kJ/molAston 1955, as quoted by CODATA Key Vals
12.2687.5 HCl (g) → HCl (aq) ΔrG°(298.15 K) = -36.015 ± 0.050 kJ/molBates 1919, as quoted by CODATA Key Vals
11.8689.1 HCl (g) → HCl (aq, 2439 H2O) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -17.810 ± 0.012 kcal/molVanderzee 1963
10.2706.2 HCl (aq, 75 H2O) → HCl (aq, 100 H2O) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -0.048 ± 0.002 kcal/molParker 1965, NBS TN270, NBS Tables 1989
6.0693.2 HCl (aq, 100 H2O) → HCl (aq) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -0.295 ± 0.004 kcal/molParker 1965, NBS TN270, NBS Tables 1989
4.8687.3 HCl (g) → HCl (aq) ΔrG°(298.15 K) = -35.960 ± 0.080 kJ/molHaase 1963, as quoted by CODATA Key Vals
4.5685.1 1/2 H2 (g) + 1/2 Cl2 (g) → HCl (aq) ΔrG°(298.15 K) = -31.320 ± 0.020 (×1.044) kcal/molCerquetti 1968
3.8700.1 HCl (aq, 100 H2O) → HCl (aq, 150 H2O) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -0.053 ± 0.002 kcal/molParker 1965, NBS TN270, NBS Tables 1989
2.5712.1 HCl (aq, 74 H2O) → HCl (aq, 75 H2O) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -0.0025 ± 0.001 kcal/molParker 1965
2.1694.2 HCl (aq, 150 H2O) → HCl (aq) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -0.242 ± 0.004 kcal/molParker 1965, NBS TN270, NBS Tables 1989
1.7673.1 HCl (g) → H+ (g) Cl- (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = 116289.0 ± 0.6 cm-1Martin 1998, note HCl

Top 10 species with enthalpies of formation correlated to the ΔfH° of HCl (aq, 74 H2O)

Please note: The correlation coefficients are obtained by renormalizing the off-diagonal elements of the covariance matrix by the corresponding variances.
The correlation coefficient is a number from -1 to 1, with 1 representing perfectly correlated species, -1 representing perfectly anti-correlated species, and 0 representing perfectly uncorrelated species.

Species Name Formula Image    ΔfH°(0 K)    ΔfH°(298.15 K) Uncertainty Units Relative
98.7 Hydrogen chlorideHCl (aq, 75 H2O)Cl-165.557± 0.026kJ/mol36.46064 ±
93.3 Hydrogen chlorideHCl (aq, 100 H2O)Cl-165.757± 0.025kJ/mol36.46064 ±
88.6 Hydrogen chlorideHCl (aq, 150 H2O)Cl-165.979± 0.024kJ/mol36.46064 ±
85.1 Hydrogen chlorideHCl (aq, 200 H2O)Cl-166.105± 0.024kJ/mol36.46064 ±
84.3 ChlorideCl- (aq)[Cl-]-166.991± 0.023kJ/mol35.45325 ±
84.3 Hydrogen chlorideHCl (aq)Cl-166.991± 0.023kJ/mol36.46064 ±
83.6 Hydrogen chlorideHCl (aq, 140 H2O)Cl-165.946± 0.026kJ/mol36.46064 ±
82.9 Hydrogen chlorideHCl (aq, 600 H2O)Cl-166.452± 0.024kJ/mol36.46064 ±
81.5 Hydrogen chlorideHCl (aq, 1000 H2O)Cl-166.565± 0.024kJ/mol36.46064 ±
80.9 Hydrogen chlorideHCl (aq, 2000 H2O)Cl-166.683± 0.024kJ/mol36.46064 ±

Most Influential reactions involving HCl (aq, 74 H2O)

Please note: The list, which is based on a hat (projection) matrix analysis, is limited to no more than 20 largest influences.

Reaction Measured Quantity Reference
1.000712.1 HCl (aq, 74 H2O) → HCl (aq, 75 H2O) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -0.0025 ± 0.001 kcal/molParker 1965
0.5295131.1 C6H5Cl (cr,l) + 7 O2 (g) → 6 CO2 (g) HCl (aq, 74 H2O) + 2 H2O (cr,l) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = -743.04 ± 0.19 kcal/molHubbard 1954a

1   B. Ruscic, R. E. Pinzon, M. L. Morton, G. von Laszewski, S. Bittner, S. G. Nijsure, K. A. Amin, M. Minkoff, and A. F. Wagner,
Introduction to Active Thermochemical Tables: Several "Key" Enthalpies of Formation Revisited.
J. Phys. Chem. A 108, 9979-9997 (2004) [DOI: 10.1021/jp047912y]
2   B. Ruscic, R. E. Pinzon, G. von Laszewski, D. Kodeboyina, A. Burcat, D. Leahy, D. Montoya, and A. F. Wagner,
Active Thermochemical Tables: Thermochemistry for the 21st Century.
J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 16, 561-570 (2005) [DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/16/1/078]
3   B. Ruscic and D. H. Bross,
Active Thermochemical Tables (ATcT) values based on ver. 1.122h of the Thermochemical Network (2020); available at
4   J. P. Porterfield, D. H. Bross, B. Ruscic, J. H. Thorpe, T. L. Nguyen, J. H. Baraban, J. F. Stanton, J. W. Daily, and G. B. Ellison,
Thermal Decomposition of Potential Ester Biofuels, Part I: Methyl Acetate and Methyl Butanoate.
J. Chem. Phys. A 121, 4658-4677 (2017) [DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.7b02639] (Veronica Vaida Festschrift)
5   Y.-C. Chang, B. Xiong, D. H. Bross, B. Ruscic, and C. Y. Ng,
A Vacuum Ultraviolet laser Pulsed Field Ionization-Photoion Study of Methane (CH4): Determination of the Appearance Energy of Methylium From Methane with Unprecedented Precision and the Resulting Impact on the Bond Dissociation Energies of CH4 and CH4+.
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 19, 9592-9605 (2017) [DOI: 10.1039/c6cp08200a] (part of 2017 PCCP Hot Articles collection)
6   B. Ruscic,
Uncertainty Quantification in Thermochemistry, Benchmarking Electronic Structure Computations, and Active Thermochemical Tables.
Int. J. Quantum Chem. 114, 1097-1101 (2014) [DOI: 10.1002/qua.24605]

The aggregate state is given in parentheses following the formula, such as: g - gas-phase, cr - crystal, l - liquid, etc.

The listed uncertainties correspond to estimated 95% confidence limits, as customary in thermochemistry (see, for example, Ruscic [6]).
Note that an uncertainty of ± 0.000 kJ/mol indicates that the estimated uncertainty is < ± 0.0005 kJ/mol.

Website Functionality Credits
The reorganization of the website was developed and implemented by David H. Bross (ANL).
The find function is based on the complete Species Dictionary entries for the appropriate version of the ATcT TN.
The molecule images are rendered by Indigo-depict.
The XYZ renderings are based on Jmol: an open-source Java viewer for chemical structures in 3D.

This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.