Selected ATcT [1, 2] enthalpy of formation based on version 1.122g of the Thermochemical Network [3]

This version of ATcT results was generated from an expansion of version 1.122e [4] to include results centered on the determination of the appearance energy of CH3+ from CH4. [5].

Species Name Formula Image    ΔfH°(0 K)    ΔfH°(298.15 K) Uncertainty Units Relative
BromideBr- (g)[Br-]-206.623-212.686± 0.056kJ/mol79.90455 ±

Representative Geometry of Br- (g)

spin ON           spin OFF

Top contributors to the provenance of ΔfH° of Br- (g)

The 1 contributors listed below account for 94.7% of the provenance of ΔfH° of Br- (g).

Please note: The list is limited to 20 most important contributors or, if less, a number sufficient to account for 90% of the provenance. The Reference acts as a further link to the relevant references and notes for the measurement. The Measured Quantity is normaly given in the original units; in cases where we have reinterpreted the original measurement, the listed value may differ from that given by the authors. The quoted uncertainty is the a priori uncertainty used as input when constructing the initial Thermochemical Network, and corresponds either to the value proposed by the original authors or to our estimate; if an additional multiplier is given in parentheses immediately after the prior uncertainty, it corresponds to the factor by which the prior uncertainty needed to be multiplied during the ATcT analysis in order to make that particular measurement consistent with the prevailing knowledge contained in the Thermochemical Network.

Reaction Measured Quantity Reference
94.7946.2 Br2 (cr,l) → Br2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = 7.386 ± 0.027 kcal/molHildenbrand 1958

Top 10 species with enthalpies of formation correlated to the ΔfH° of Br- (g)

Please note: The correlation coefficients are obtained by renormalizing the off-diagonal elements of the covariance matrix by the corresponding variances.
The correlation coefficient is a number from -1 to 1, with 1 representing perfectly correlated species, -1 representing perfectly anti-correlated species, and 0 representing perfectly uncorrelated species.

Species Name Formula Image    ΔfH°(0 K)    ΔfH°(298.15 K) Uncertainty Units Relative
100.0 Bromine atomBr (g)[Br]117.914111.851± 0.056kJ/mol79.90400 ±
100.0 Bromine atomBr (g, 2P3/2)[Br]117.914111.851± 0.056kJ/mol79.90400 ±
100.0 Bromine atomBr (g, 2P1/2)[Br]161.998155.935± 0.056kJ/mol79.90400 ±
100.0 DibromineBr2 (g)BrBr45.6730.88± 0.11kJ/mol159.8080 ±
99.4 BromanyliumBr+ (g)[Br+]1257.7741251.711± 0.056kJ/mol79.90345 ±
93.6 BromochloraneBrCl (g)BrCl21.87914.435± 0.060kJ/mol115.3567 ±
83.4 Iodine monobromideIBr (g)IBr49.71540.768± 0.067kJ/mol206.8085 ±
48.9 Diatomic bromine cation[Br2]+ (g)Br[Br+]1060.321045.36± 0.23kJ/mol159.8075 ±
29.6 DibromophosgeneCBr2O (g)C(Br)(Br)=O-97.99-113.92± 0.37kJ/mol187.8181 ±
28.8 BromomethaneCH3Br (g)CBr-20.88-36.28± 0.18kJ/mol94.9385 ±

Most Influential reactions involving Br- (g)

Please note: The list, which is based on a hat (projection) matrix analysis, is limited to no more than 20 largest influences.

Reaction Measured Quantity Reference
1.000956.1 Br- (g) → Br (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = 27129.170 ± 0.015 cm-1Blondel 1989
0.459962.1 Br- (g) Br2 (g) → [Br2]- (g) Br (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = 0.84 ± 0.03 eVChupka 1971b
0.4311683.2 [ON(O)O]- (g) HBr (g) → Br- (g) HON(O)O (g) ΔrH°(391 K) = -1.03 ± 0.21 kcal/molDavidson 1977, 2nd Law
0.3011001.4 [Br3]- (g) → Br- (g) Br2 (g) ΔrH°(298.15 K) = 30.6 ± 0.8 kcal/molThanthiriwatte 2014, est unc
0.231963.1 Br- (g) Cl2 (g) → [Cl2]- (g) Br (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = 1.01 ± 0.03 eVChupka 1971b
0.1591683.1 [ON(O)O]- (g) HBr (g) → Br- (g) HON(O)O (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = -0.045 ± 0.015 eVFerguson 1972b
0.1531127.2 [IO]- (g) Br- (g) → [BrO]- (g) I- (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = 6.00 ± 0.6 kcal/molPeterson 2006
0.0991026.1 [BrO]- (g) → Br- (g) O (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = 32.46 ± 0.4 kcal/molPeterson 2006
0.0941683.3 [ON(O)O]- (g) HBr (g) → Br- (g) HON(O)O (g) ΔrG°(391 K) = 0.76 ± 0.45 kcal/molDavidson 1977, 3rd Law
0.0751001.2 [Br3]- (g) → Br- (g) Br2 (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = 29.51 ± 1.60 kcal/molRuscic G4
0.0681001.1 [Br3]- (g) → Br- (g) Br2 (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = 127 ± 7 kJ/molNizzi 1998
0.0421145.1 HOI (g) Br- (g) → HOBr (g) I- (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = 22.6 ± 15 kJ/molHassanzadeh 1997, est unc
0.0411001.3 [Br3]- (g) → Br- (g) Br2 (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = 30.08 ± 2.16 kcal/molRuscic CBS-n
0.041954.1 [Br2]- (g) → Br (g) Br- (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = 1.15 ± 0.10 eVBaede 1973
0.035961.1 Br- (g) F2 (g) → [F2]- (g) Br (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = 0.27 ± 0.03 (×2.594) eVChupka 1971b
0.0231001.5 [Br3]- (g) → Br- (g) Br2 (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = 127.4 ± 12 kJ/molHaller 2011, est unc
0.0165333.2 [KrH]+ (g) Br- (g) → Kr (g) HBr (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = -221.29 ± 1.3 kcal/molRuscic CBS-n
0.0145333.1 [KrH]+ (g) Br- (g) → Kr (g) HBr (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = -220.35 ± 1.0 (×1.384) kcal/molRuscic G4
0.010960.1 [Br2]- (g) → Br- (g) Br (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = 1.08 ± 0.20 eVDispert 1977
0.010962.2 Br- (g) Br2 (g) → [Br2]- (g) Br (g) ΔrH°(0 K) = 0.70 ± 0.20 eVHughes 1973

References (for your convenience, also available in RIS and BibTex format)
1   B. Ruscic, R. E. Pinzon, M. L. Morton, G. von Laszewski, S. Bittner, S. G. Nijsure, K. A. Amin, M. Minkoff, and A. F. Wagner,
Introduction to Active Thermochemical Tables: Several "Key" Enthalpies of Formation Revisited.
J. Phys. Chem. A 108, 9979-9997 (2004) [DOI: 10.1021/jp047912y]
2   B. Ruscic, R. E. Pinzon, G. von Laszewski, D. Kodeboyina, A. Burcat, D. Leahy, D. Montoya, and A. F. Wagner,
Active Thermochemical Tables: Thermochemistry for the 21st Century.
J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 16, 561-570 (2005) [DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/16/1/078]
3   B. Ruscic and D. H. Bross,
Active Thermochemical Tables (ATcT) values based on ver. 1.122g of the Thermochemical Network (2019); available at
4   J. P. Porterfield, D. H. Bross, B. Ruscic, J. H. Thorpe, T. L. Nguyen, J. H. Baraban, J. F. Stanton, J. W. Daily, and G. B. Ellison,
Thermal Decomposition of Potential Ester Biofuels, Part I: Methyl Acetate and Methyl Butanoate.
J. Chem. Phys. A 121, 4658-4677 (2017) [DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.7b02639] (Veronica Vaida Festschrift)
5   Y.-C. Chang, B. Xiong, D. H. Bross, B. Ruscic, and C. Y. Ng,
A Vacuum Ultraviolet laser Pulsed Field Ionization-Photoion Study of Methane (CH4): Determination of the Appearance Energy of Methylium From Methane with Unprecedented Precision and the Resulting Impact on the Bond Dissociation Energies of CH4 and CH4+.
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 19, 9592-9605 (2017) [DOI: 10.1039/c6cp08200a] (part of 2017 PCCP Hot Articles collection)
6   B. Ruscic,
Uncertainty Quantification in Thermochemistry, Benchmarking Electronic Structure Computations, and Active Thermochemical Tables.
Int. J. Quantum Chem. 114, 1097-1101 (2014) [DOI: 10.1002/qua.24605]

The aggregate state is given in parentheses following the formula, such as: g - gas-phase, cr - crystal, l - liquid, etc.

The listed uncertainties correspond to estimated 95% confidence limits, as customary in thermochemistry (see, for example, Ruscic [6]).
Note that an uncertainty of ± 0.000 kJ/mol indicates that the estimated uncertainty is < ± 0.0005 kJ/mol.

Website Functionality Credits
The reorganization of the website was developed and implemented by David H. Bross (ANL).
The find function is based on the complete Species Dictionary entries for the appropriate version of the ATcT TN.
The molecule images are rendered by Indigo-depict.
The XYZ renderings are based on Jmol: an open-source Java viewer for chemical structures in 3D.

This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.