Selected ATcT [1, 2] enthalpy of formation based on version 1.122o of the Thermochemical Network [3]

This version of ATcT results was generated from an expansion of version 1.122h [4] to include the ionization energy of H2O2. [5].

Species Name Formula Image    ΔfH°(0 K)    ΔfH°(298.15 K) Uncertainty Units Relative
Carbon atomC (graphite)[C]00exact12.01070 ±

Representative Geometry of C (graphite)

spin ON           spin OFF

1   B. Ruscic, R. E. Pinzon, M. L. Morton, G. von Laszewski, S. Bittner, S. G. Nijsure, K. A. Amin, M. Minkoff, and A. F. Wagner,
Introduction to Active Thermochemical Tables: Several "Key" Enthalpies of Formation Revisited.
J. Phys. Chem. A 108, 9979-9997 (2004) [DOI: 10.1021/jp047912y]
2   B. Ruscic, R. E. Pinzon, G. von Laszewski, D. Kodeboyina, A. Burcat, D. Leahy, D. Montoya, and A. F. Wagner,
Active Thermochemical Tables: Thermochemistry for the 21st Century.
J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 16, 561-570 (2005) [DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/16/1/078]
3   B. Ruscic and D. H. Bross,
Active Thermochemical Tables (ATcT) values based on ver. 1.122o of the Thermochemical Network (2020); available at
4   Y.-C. Chang, B. Xiong, D. H. Bross, B. Ruscic, and C. Y. Ng,
A Vacuum Ultraviolet laser Pulsed Field Ionization-Photoion Study of Methane (CH4): Determination of the Appearance Energy of Methylium From Methane with Unprecedented Precision and the Resulting Impact on the Bond Dissociation Energies of CH4 and CH4+.
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 19, 9592-9605 (2017) [DOI: 10.1039/c6cp08200a] (part of 2017 PCCP Hot Articles collection)
5   P. B. Changala, T. L. Nguyen, J. H. Baraban, G. B. Ellison, J. F. Stanton, D. H. Bross, and B. Ruscic,
Active Thermochemical Tables: The Adiabatic Ionization Energy of Hydrogen Peroxide.
J. Phys. Chem. A 121, 8799-8806 (2017) [DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.7b06221] (highlighted on the journal cover)
6   B. Ruscic,
Uncertainty Quantification in Thermochemistry, Benchmarking Electronic Structure Computations, and Active Thermochemical Tables.
Int. J. Quantum Chem. 114, 1097-1101 (2014) [DOI: 10.1002/qua.24605]

Formula The aggregate state is given in parentheses following the formula, such as: g - gas-phase, cr - crystal, l - liquid, etc.
Uncertainties The listed uncertainties correspond to estimated 95% confidence limits, as customary in thermochemistry (see, for example, Ruscic [6]).
Note that an uncertainty of ± 0.000 kJ/mol indicates that the estimated uncertainty is < ± 0.0005 kJ/mol.
Website Functionality Credits The reorganization of the website was developed and implemented by David H. Bross (ANL).
The find function is based on the complete Species Dictionary entries for the appropriate version of the ATcT TN.
The molecule images are rendered by Indigo-depict.
The XYZ renderings are based on Jmol: an open-source Java viewer for chemical structures in 3D.
Acknowledgement This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357.